BRIN (Green and Sustainable Future)
Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) Pavilion will showcase technology offers and startups in foodtech, agritech, environment tech, and medical tech. The technologies have been successfully commercialized by the industries through cooperation schemes. We welcome technology seekers to approach LIPI to access our wide portfolio of technology offers.
Our Technology Offers
Canning Technology to Extend Shelf Life of Food Product
Rendang Sapi PA'BOS (beef rendang) and Gudeg Kaleng Bu Tjitro 1925 (canned unriped jackfruit) are traditional Indonesian dishes. The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) has developed the canning technology to maintain the shelf life of the products. With this technology, traditional food is stable without preservatives for more than 1 year, does not change its taste and is easy to carry everywhere. This technology is used in small and medium enterprises (UKM in Bahasa Indonesian). The target consumers are tourists, people living outside the city and abroad.
Plasticised Starch and Metal Oxide Biocomposite
According to the data from the Central Statistical Agency (BPS), plastic waste in Indonesia in 2021 reach almost 64 million tons per year and estimate will increase by one third to 6.1 million tonners in 2025 and will more than double in 2040.
The trend of using packaging is currently shifting with changes in environmental and lifestyle issues. The use of plastic is increasingly in the spotlight because of its impact on the environment. the current research trend is to find new sources of ingredients that meet safety aspects for the environment and for the food itself.
Bio-composites have emerged as alternative packaging material due to its biodegradability and the ability to solve the waste problem for the environment. Bio-composite is developing as an important material that not only reduces environment pollution but also improve its functional properties as a packaging material. Starch-based bio-composites has been considered because its physical characteristics are similar to synthetic polymers.
The inclusion of active ingredients in the packaging to improve safety and quality and to extend the shelf life of food has been trending in recent decades, as the threat of microbial contamination to human health has increased. Therefore, it is necessary to find, develop, and improve antimicrobial materials that can inhibit the proliferation of various microorganisms. The rapid spread of microbes in food encourages the use of antimicrobials in food packaging.
This opportunity presents a material composition for the development of advanced packaging. This technology utilises metal oxides as antimicrobial agents for thermoplastic starch bio-composites. These metal oxides incorporated in the bio-composite matrix also enables interaction with the surface material thereby increasing the mechanical strength of the biomaterial. The use of metal oxides, zinc oxide (ZnO), titanium dioxide (TiO2), and magnesium oxide (MgO) are of particular interest, because they are safe for animals and humans.
Research requires a development stage to achieve the ideal composition that suits the needs on a commercial scale. Further research collaboration is required to lead to technology transfer in the form of technology licensing, JVs, etc.
Green Anionic Surfactants for EOR in Petroleum Industry
Indonesia's oil fields are mature, marked by a decrease in crude oil production and higher water content. The condition is worsened by the dynamic condition of the world oil market, and oil and gas industry players have to save costs due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic which has caused a decline in fuel consumption by up to 35% at the national level, further adding to the slump in the upstream-downstream oil and gas industry. Low-cost oil production has become a challenge with the current conditions.
Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) is an advanced method to increase reserves and production of advanced oil but comes at high cost. The cost of EOR chemicals, such as surfactants, is up to 80% of the implementation cost. In most processes, the surfactants used are petroleum based, requiring environmentally friendly and more economical substitutes.
Indonesia as the largest palm oil producer has crude palm oil (CPO) derivatives in the form of oleate which can be synthesized into anionic surfactants through esterification and sulfonation reactions. The team has developed a method of manufacturing anionic surfactants based on CPO derivatives. As research on palm oil-based surfactants for EOR is relatively new, this allows differentiation from other products.
The team is seeking partners for further research collaboration, including optimisation of the surfactant composition, so that it may lead to technology transfer in the form of technology acquisition or technology licensing.
Plastic Medical Waste Recycling Technology
This technology presents a method of recycling medical plastics by recrystallisation. The process involves first solubilising the plastic, followed by adding the right chemicals and/or solvents, creating an anti-solvent, to precipitate the crystals. The final step would be to separate the liquid from the crystals through simple filtration methods to produce pure plastic powder/crystals.
Since the onset of COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a significant increase in the amount of plastic waste, from medical use as well as from face masks used by people, to deal with the spread of COVID-19 virus. Since then, many methods have been employed in trying to reduce the plastic waste generated, and many are still being developed today.
This technology presents a simple method to recycle plastic waste, by regenerating the plastic material in powder form through a recrystallisation process. This process has a high yield and is able to create high purity recycled plastic powder. The technology has been tested on high density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET), commonly used plastics in the medical industry, and these recycled plastic powder can subsequently be reused as raw materials for other applications, such as packaging or medical products.
The company is seeking opportunities to collaborate with companies, to create a circular economy for medical plastic waste, through research collaboration, licensing, or joint ventures. They are open to work with partners who have the same vision as them—to create economic and environmentally impactful solutions for a better future.
Plasma Incinerator Exhaust Gas Treatment Unit
The team has developed an exhaust gas treatment unit based on plasma technology that decomposes pollutants in incinerator exhaust gases. This treatment unit uses non-thermal plasma technology with streamer discharge. By utilising this unit, pollutant compounds in exhaust gas such as NOx, SOx, dioxins and furans can be decomposed. It can also reduce the exhaust fumes.
This treatment unit can be used in various incinerators for household waste, industrial waste and medical waste. During this COVID-19 pandemic, there is a lot of medical waste that contains plastic which are sent for incineration. Equipped with this treatment unit, the incinerator will be able to work optimally in processing medical solid waste during the COVID-19 pandemic. The technology owner is seeking cooperation in further development and applications.
Ozone Nanobubble Air and Surface Steriliser
This technology presents a sterilising device for sterilising air and surface objects using water mist containing ozone, in particular, using ozone nanobubble water as a disinfectant.
This device can be used to kill bacteria and viruses that are in the air and attached to the surface of objects, especially to reduce the spread of the spread of infectious diseases. The target user segments of this device include medical, tourism, business, industrial and facility management of public facilities. The technology owner is seeking further cooperation in the development and use of this device.